East St. Louis native Miles Dewey Davis is arguably one of the most influential musicians of the 20th Century. Miles played a key role in the development of several modern jazz movements including bebop, hard bop, cool jazz, modal jazz and jazz fusion. Many well-known jazz musicians rise to prominence came as members of Daviss ensembles: saxophonist John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderly, Wayne Shorter, Branford Marsalis and Kenny Garrett; pianists Horace Silvers, Red Garland, Bill Evans, Herbie Hancock, Joe Zawinul and Chick Corea; guitarists John McLaughlin, John Scoffield, and Mike Stern; bassists Ron Carter, Dave Holland and Marcus Miller; and drummers Philly Joe Jones, Tony Williams, Billy Cobham, Jack DeJohnette and Al Foster. Miles is widely regarded as one of the most innovative, influential and respected figures in the history of jazz music. The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock n Roll noted Miles Davis played a crucial and inevitably controversial role in every major development in jazz since the mid-40s, and no other jazz musician has had so profound an effect on rock. Miles Davis was the most widely recognized jazz musician of his era, an outspoken social critic, and an arbiter of style - in attitude and fashion - as well as music. In 2006 Miles Davis was inducted into the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame and noted as one of the key figures in the development of jazz.